How and why military uniforms moved in the wardrobe of fashionistas?
In may all celebrate the great holiday — Victory Day. In honor of this event we decided to remember the history of Russian military uniform, because its appearance is constantly changing: at one time the cornerstone was placed, convenience, and beauty... we have Not forgotten about the present of gross and shocking and sometimes very feminine military style.
The military form in Russia did not appear immediately. And why, because until the seventeenth century the regular army was not, and in the princely retinues could wear the most ordinary clothes, except that during the fight on top of it to wear armor. The first attempt to create military uniforms made in the Streltsy regiments in the XVII century, when there were familiar from the paintings of the coats. And not only red — in fact, their color was determined by belonging to a regiment.
In fact, nothing changed until the reign of Peter I. it was he who abolished the Streltsy troops, who dared to oppose him, and organized in our country the regular army. The Emperor has not been himself, if not here cut a "window to Europe". Inspired by foreign models, he dressed in military coat, top coat, narrow pants, stockings, and shoes with buckle. Completed costume hat and cloak — a large cloak with a hood. First, ordinary soldiers, and the leadership acted in the same way, a little later came an officer's scarf. Wore it around my waist — it was more comfortable. Petrovsky scarf with modifications, has survived to modern times in the form of the ceremonial officer's belt. By the way, Peter I introduced epaulettes and, by 1762, were distinguished soldiers and officers.
Fashion borrows ideas from all possible fields of infoto: Pixabay.com/ru
The functionality then no one cared. The uniforms were so narrow that the recruits had a few months to learn to wear it. About convenience first thought Prince Potemkin. He stopped entered at the time of Peter I the tradition of wearing wigs, saying that "primp soldiers not the case," and introduced a wide practical uniforms tucked into boots, pants and helmets that protect from the blow of a saber.
But the happiness was short-lived. Paul I hurried to resurrect the Petrine tradition, and uncomfortable clothing returned to its rightful place. Military once again began to puff hair, dressed in skinny pants and patent leather shoes, which is not warmed in the cold, and rapidly rubbed his legs. But the wearing of uniforms was strictly necessary, otherwise threatened to exile in Siberia.
To combine the beauty and convenience decided Alexander II. Moreover, large-scale changes to him do not have to introduce military form, it simply made more spacious. This allowed us to hook under her warm clothes. Soldiers got overcoat with covered ears with collar and hood on his head. However, the stitching equipment was still very expensive to make it cheaper came up with Alexander III and even a little overdone in this respect — it began to resemble a peasant costume. In the pursuit of saving the king went even further, ordering that funds on clothing seized from the wages of the soldiers.
To world form was almost unchanged. Although minor amendments were still. So, after the Russo-Japanese war the army was introduced single-breasted jacket khaki with stand collar and pockets. To call it a steel "jacket" (named after the British General French).
War and peace
And then the revolution broke out, followed by the brand new milestone in the development of military clothing. First, the army could not afford the uniform clothing. The only difference from the usual military people were ribbons with the inscription "Red guards" on the sleeves. Then there was this very strange looking, which ignored all previous military experience — it is so crudely seemed that the soldiers in it would have been visible even from space. Fortunately, to release it did not. But in 1918 there was a famous cloth hats, which are called "budenovka". At the same time the shoulder straps were abolished, they were replaced by squares and triangles, determine the type of troops and titles. The chase had agreed to come back only in 1943 — the turning point of the great Patriotic war. At the same time was introduced the front form.
Camouflage color - a distinctive feature of the style of militaryphotos: Instagram.com/forever21
In the peaceful years to change uniforms, of course, there was no point. Special equipment required only a new technique and the specific conditions of the battle. So, after the military action in Afghanistan was born on the winter and summer field suits, dubbed "Afghan".
The collapse of the Soviet Union the army of the repul-I direct way. In 1994, President Yeltsin abolished the Soviet form. The uniform became much more modern. For example, the main color chosen standard now olive. The overcoat was replaced by winter coats, jackets — blazers with patch pockets. The uniforms stripes, denoting the lineage of troops or part. In 2005, for the appearance of the soldiers came from Vladimir Putin. He slightly changed the outfit, but most importantly — finally forbade to wear a uniform to those who do not apply to military employees. By the way, in 2007 the Ministry of defence decided to apply to fashion designer Valentin Yudashkin, to create modern and beautiful military clothing. And for a long time everyone was convinced that the soldiers flaunt in a dream form. Only five years later revealed the truth: the designer really created the samples, but the Ministers replaced the fabric, fittings and heat-retaining materials for cheaper. In the end, instead of innovative apparel turned out fake, and the outfit of "from Yudashkin" in the army wore only.
But let's leave scandals in the past, after the shape continues to evolve to this day. For example, recently developed a special Arctic clothing for very low temperatures. It provides protection from prolonged exposure to cold and wind and rain and snow. In conclusion we say that the basis of the uniform today became the principle of layering and the possibility of the military themselves to combine clothes depending on task and weather. In the form used membrane materials, insulation and quick-drying fabric. The beauty and comfort of a retreat, and at the forefront of innovation.
Fashion borrows ideas from all possible walks of life, and it would be strange if military elements in it not penetrated. After the First world war in Europe revealed an acute shortage of ordinary civilian clothing. At the same time, army uniforms were still in abundance. Ordinary people to alter it, fitting to life. The garment industry could not quickly solve the deficit problem and let things resembling military uniforms. It came to be called "military".
Following the rise of popularity of this style happened in the sixties. Wearing paramilitary costumes, Americans expressed disagreement with the actions of the government in Vietnam. It is particularly famous for hippies.
Even in the army jacket Gwen Stefani knows how to be seksualnosti: Instagram.com/gwenstefani
In addition to the social orientation of the garment with elements of the military was just convenient and practical. Designers first thought of comfort and durability. By the way, not all know that our favorite white cotton t-shirt is Hello from American sailors. And black shirts, jackets and caps — a symbol of German uniforms.
By the beginning of zero designers undertook military clothing. The first result was the Armani collection 2005. On the podium was presented to the overcoat, uniform suits, having a clear, strict line cut and a characteristic dark green color. All models were stylized in the spirit of ammunition of the Second world war. Particularly popular items that resemble the uniform of the naval forces. So, Jean-Paul Gaultier did the usual manner of a sailor, by creating different versions of the blazers, hoodies, based on the striped vest.
What are the main elements of military style now? First and foremost it is a direct fit, clear lines, a minimum of finishes and camouflage colors. Fabrics used are natural and quite tight — denim, leather and velvet. However, in women's military-Luka acceptable and easy chiffon and lustrous silk. Importantly, the shape and color remain within the image. Great variety here observed. Trending grey, khaki, beige, green, olive and blue tones. The decor in this case is simple, even rough: shoulder straps, zippers, metal studs and leather straps. Simulate military style helps tapes, patches, and emblems.
The military is not only rude boots, army pants and jackets. Designers offer us a variety of styles. Tailored jackets and coats with wide belts, trench coats, Fedora hats, fur hats, leather caps... you Want a dress or heels in a military style? Not a question, it is easy to find such options. Of course, army form in this case, only the inspiration, but it looks impressive result. The main thing — competently to mix the rough with delicate things, for example, you can wear dutuyu jacket with camouflage print on a light chiffon dress or complement the strict army pants, sandals and a small handbag. Do not forget about accessories to soften the image capable of delicate earrings or a necklace. In short, don't be afraid to experiment. As they say, in war as in war!