During its long history this familiar article of clothing has come a long way and gradually conquered the whole world. The abundance of styles and colors made him not only everyday clothing is now sundress can be worn to the office, and even evening event
Ask any citizen of our country, what kind of clothes is considered to be native Russian, and he did not hesitate to call it his dress. But if we turn to the origin of the word, all will be not so trivial. Researchers have long been scratching their spears, arguing where exactly we come to this unmistakable style. There are two quite plausible version. At first the word "sundress" is derived from the title traditional Indian clothing Sari. And although it would seem, these things look absolutely different between them you can find similarities. So, Sari sundress was a sacred robe, which is donned on the wedding ceremony. And in fact, and in another case chosen dress red as a symbol of energy, sexuality and fertility. Many paintings by Russian artists we can see the outfits of scarlet. Known for the song "You're not necks to me, mother, a red sundress" also describes precisely the preparation for marriage. Also have the same fabric from which sew these clothes for special occasions, is richly decorated with brocade. By the way, in India earlier it was made of the thinnest gold or silver wire. If such a matter to burn in the fire, you get a hefty ingot of precious metal. Thus, between the Indian Sari and the Russian sarafan is fairly transparent analogy. But this is only the first version.
At the root of "sundress" in tune with the Persian "Sarpa", which means "honorable clothing" or "head to toe". And this again is not unreasonable. Historians believe that the word can get to us via Turkic languages. But many scientists still doubt that to refer to our national garment borrowed foreign concept, and such theories of kinship words they are not convincing. So the final decision to accept you.
If you forget about form and think about the content, it appears that a similar national dress was common not only in Russia. Dresses with a similar cut to the dress, was worn until the early twentieth century peasant in Poland and in the Nordic countries of Europe. In Germany and Bavaria, for example, there is still a variant of this traditional folk apparel called dirndl.
According to one version the word "sundress" is derived from the title traditional Indian clothes, saretto: Pixabay.com/ru
Mistress into maid
Let's return to his native land. If you believe the Chronicles, the sarafan in Russia appeared in the fourteenth century, the first mention of it historians date the year of 1376 (found it in the Nikon chronicle). It's funny, but began to wear this thing not women and men. Originally it was exclusively men's long wing clothing. And it could be put on and ordinary peasants, and the magistrates and Grand Dukes. It took three centuries to sundress it became a women's garment.
Traditionally with him ladies wore the shirt and belt. In the Northern provinces on top of another and tied the apron that was fastened above her Breasts. In addition to the main goal — protection from dirt and dust as it executed the task purely decorative, covering an undecorated part of the ensemble. At the bottom was made to wear a few skirts which visually increased the completeness of the girls, and served as her underwear.
The sundress was considered one of the symbols of the faith and customs of their ancestors. Festive costume elements highly valued, carefully guarded and passed down from generation to generation. This is now the sundresses sew from light fabrics, it's early Russian traditional dress consisted of many items, so was very hard, especially holidays. Each man tried to get his wife and daughters a gift of expensive fabrics. For them, ingrained the name "Persian". Apparel on every day was made of cheap blue cloth, calico, or wool, fasteners were copper, tin buttons. That dress had a form that was making it hard waxed lined canvas. The most enviable brides were considered the girls who wore "precious" tunics — embroidered gold flowers on white fabric.
But we are accustomed to consider the traditional Russian sundress, digoutte: Pixabay.com/ru
During the reign of Peter I traditional Russian attire was considered to be a garment protruding and merchant daughters, and was cast out of the closets ladies. The return took place with the beginning of the reign of Catherine II. And Nicholas I in 1834, even issued a decree "On the court women's dress with national motifs", whereby the sundress officially joined the list of women's ceremonial dress, and there was at the court until 1917.
The feel of the old times
Russian tunics were of several types. They could be worn over the head and do not have buttons or button up the back. But the most popular was considered to be hinged, or, in other words, "pies". These tunics were made with wide straps, the front, the entire length was a series of metal openwork buttons, the edges trimmed with fancy braid. A simpler model was made of dark blue, dyed Indigo canvas, and for special occasions — from the purchase of expensive fabrics: brocade, silk and velvet. By the way, some fabrics were forbidden to wear young girls up to the age of twenty, for example, in the Northern provinces under the ban was satin. Casual dresses look more modest, but festively decorated with colorful ribbons stripes at the hem. In many sundresses names usually reflect the type of tissue from which it was made: moskovets kroil from the "Moscow" calico, cyanosis — colored blue home cloth, dichotomy — green chintz with a floral pattern, and Kolesnik of calico.
In the late nineteenth century to the fore straight sundresses. They were cut from strips of fabric and was slightly gathered at the top. Webbing sewn on the front right, and rear angle. Later, a model with a bodice, to which from the inside was attached a special fabric, called the background. Just at that time people began to say: "it's not easy, but with the background", meaning that the task is not as elementary as it seems at first glance. Now we are about this value, completely forgotten and accustomed to using only portable.
Modern sundresses can be of different cut and dinitto: Instagram.com/forever21
And would remain this garment only in the paintings of artists in old Chronicles, if in 1965 the famous designer Pierre Cardin is not released on the catwalk models in bright monochrome mini-dresses of woolen cloth. Maestro has long harbored a love for our country and drew inspiration in the history of the Russian costume. In the end, an unusual collection made a splash wearing this thing has become, as the saying goes, convenient and practical. Moreover, according to couturier, it was combined with a black turtleneck, then just coming into fashion. It is worth noting that during the merchants and the peasantry open women's legs were something unacceptable, so sundresses were exceptionally long, but the designer successfully violated this commandment. A little later began to abandon the main element of the outfit is the straps.
Modern dresses-tunics vary in purpose. The most common are long-summer long model relaxation, which are made of a light fabric of linen, cotton, calico. Combine this comfortable sundress with flip-flops, sandals, sandals and ballet flats. But if you can't do without heels, and in this case, you can find a suitable shoes — just note the model wedges. The sundress is now not considered shameful to even put on your running shoes, though earlier it was considered bad manners. To complement the way a denim jacket, short jacket or cardigan. But if flying silhouettes you don't like, choose a short sundress and pair it with a plain t-shirt. It is necessary to add to such an ensemble of rough shoes or sneakers — and the way in grunge style ready.
To wear this thing valid not only for a walk, but even to work. Sundresses for the office are straight and fitted, made of thick, solid fabrics, wide straps or without, allowing you to wear them under a classic blouse or turtleneck in the style business. Often skorts in this case cropped, just such as came up with Cardin in the sixties. Office fashion at its peak plain black, which is slimming.
Also today, you can find and evening options, is made of silk, chiffon, satin and other expensive fabrics. Latest trend — this is the evening dresses of lace. They will be a great replacement for cocktail dress. In this dress you can go for a date or any day a celebration in restaurant. Wear either with shoes on the average thick heel or sandals with heels. Don't forget about the purse: a small satin or beaded clutch will be very useful.
Edgy is not limited to a competent selection of only one sundress, about the accessories too, should not forget, because without them, your look is complete. So, long necklace wonderfully adorn the neckline, can be worn and earrings in ethnic style. Suited to bracelets, both thin metal and wooden surround. Better to give preference to jewelry, gold jewelry is able to overwhelm the ensemble. And remember that the pinafore itself is quite bright article of clothing, and to overdo it with additional decorative elements is not necessary, otherwise you run the risk of becoming like a flower child.