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Injury, poisoning, head lice: how to protect your baby in summer

Every mother aspires to make over the summer, her child gain strength, health, tempered, strengthened immunity, ate berries and fruits...

In fact in the summer the children get sick almost as often than in the cold season. And not only acute respiratory viral diseases.

In summer, periodic outbreaks occur with acute intestinal poisoning, including rotavirus. Summer — the traditional period of childhood injuries. Finally, in the summer actively spreading lice.

If your child touched one of these problems, the main thing is not to panic. How to understand that the situation is dangerous and how to enroll a child to the doctor without having to travel from the country or from another place of rest? From any situation will help you to find our portal Healthy.Online.

Intestinal disorders

Most private problem faced by children in the summer — intestinal poisoning. They can be as innocuous, even invisible, and very serious. Intestinal infections are transmitted fecal-oral contact and through everyday life, therefore, you need to teach your child to wash their hands as often as possible and be sure to wash vegetables and fruits before eating. However, small children being dragged into the mouth everything that is handy, so the risk of catching any malware microbe extremely high.

The most dangerous pathogens of enteric infections — Salmonella and Shigella that are transmitted through dirty fruits and vegetables, poorly heat-treated poultry meat. These cause dangerous infections, such as dysentery or salmonellosis.

But more often we happen to outbreaks of rotavirus infection. Especially hard this infection carry the child temperature 40 and above and kept for several days and does not change literally nothing.

By age two, this infection is transferred about 96% of children that almost every child. The peak incidence and most severe it is celebrated at the age of 6-12 months. According to the world health organization (who) that around the world from rotavirus gastroenteritis annually approximately 453 thousand children. Of all diarrheal diseases in the proportion of rotavirus accounts for 50-65%.

Clinical manifestations of rotavirus diverse, and the defeat of the upper respiratory tract, and disorders of the gastrointestinal tract (vomiting, diarrhea) up to severe gastroenteritis leading to dehydration, violation vodno-elektrolitnogo balance, acute loss of body weight, shock and even death. While the infectious dose of the virus, according to experts, is extremely small: for children it is sufficient only 10-100 viral particles, which is significantly less than is required, for example, in order to get hepatitis A. One case in the shortest time (several hours) may cause diseases of the whole family or group child care. It is also important that at the moment there are no methods, including modern systems of water purification, disinfection, which can prevent the spread of rotavirus. Specific drugs for the treatment of rotavirus scientists have not yet invented, so the treatment is only symptomatic

Today this virus can be vaccinated in clinics of Moscow — it is included in the national calendar of vaccinations and the vaccination is free.

However, any intestinal infection is a danger for a child, especially, for small. According to the world Health Organization, diarrhea is the most common cause of child mortality under the age of 2 years. The fact that in case of intestinal poisoning children very quickly lose water, causing the onset of dehydration. It is therefore necessary to compensate for moisture loss. And gradually. Give the baby a spoonful of water (solution regidrona, rice-water) every 15 minutes.

If the child has severe diarrhea, vomiting, high temperature, immediately consult a doctor!

Травмы, отравления, вши: как защитить ребенка летом

Injuries and bites

Summer trauma is another seasonal disaster. Every year more than 3 million children receive injuries in an accident at school, in summer camps, during sports. Deaths from so-called external causes holds the palm among deaths among children in our country.

Due to injuries and illness, many receive disability in childhood in Russia more than half a million children with disabilities, and most of them are b — teenagers from 10 to 17 years.

According to statistics, in the warm season we get more threat of injury than in winter. Regardless of age the most common ones in this period are radial fractures of bones and injuries of a brush that is most often associated with a failed drop.

Injury you can get anywhere, but small children often fall from the sofa, from the Windows. "Deception" for them are mosquito nets, so be careful that your kids don't come to the window!

Often in summer cottages or camps children become victims of stings of insects and even snakes. For example, the bite of bees or wasps can cause severe allergic reactions up to anaphylactic shock. If the insect stung the child in the mouth, face, or head, having rendered first aid to the victim, be sure to call an ambulance, because a bite can cause suffocation. Also to skilled care must be used when distributing edema or rashes on different parts of the body, swelling of the face, dizziness or headache, nausea, vomiting, shortness of breath and chest pain.

As for the snakes in our region are the most common vipers. In addition, there is a chance to meet with dangerous snakes, like the Copperhead or Copperhead.

Meeting with a snake can be sudden, but she never attacks: snakes bite only in the case of protection. However, the bite of a poisonous snake is not very pleasant, and sometimes dangerous to health and even human life. The Viper venom, in particular, dramatically impairs permeability of blood vessels. The result of extensive bleeding under the skin. The area around the bite swells and becomes bluish tint. There are cases of marked edema of the subcutaneous tissue, tongue, the appearance of severe nausea, dry mouth, dizziness. Sometimes there is a decrease in body temperature, drop in blood pressure to fainting. Especially dangerous are the bites of poisonous snakes in a man's head as possible paralysis of the respiratory muscles.

In the case of a bite child needs urgent medical attention. But first aid is to ensure complete rest. The bite should be treated with a solution of potassium permanganate; give plenty of water; it's good to take some antihistamine and deliver to the nearest medical facility, where he will introduce anti-typhoid serum.

When providing first aid is not to suck the blood from the wound to cauterize the bite, and apply the cuts.

Lice

The peak incidence of head lice infestation usually occurs in July-September is the time when children arrive home after summer vacation. And for a long time parents may not notice that the minds of their kids lives someone else.

According to statistics, about one third of the patients head lice — children aged 5 to 12 years. For example, among school students, the rate was typically 1-3%. This is not surprising as children are a lot of contact with each other, which increases the risk of the spread of head lice within the children's team. Unlike adults, children are constantly in close and direct contact with each other during games and communication. The result of lice is very easy to move from head to head. Very often the infection occurs during the holidays, children's camps and other places of summer rest, where he is also present a large number of children. Adults generally catch head lice from their children.

The spread of lice among children also contributes to the reluctance of parents to make a problem out in the desire to protect the child from negative reaction of peers to the fact lice. In fact, head lice infestation is completely unrelated to hygiene, and frequent shampooing can not serve as an absolute defense.

So try to hold their children's regular examination head every 5-7 days. After all, the sooner you discover the lice, the easier it is to cope with them. And multiply those nasty insects very quickly. Itching followed by appearance of scratching, and then bloody scabs, becomes a fertile ground for the penetration of many infections and the emergence of serious complications, including secondary bacterial infection, increase in cervical lymph nodes, and allergic reactions. In addition, it is important to tell children that you should not use a hairbrush with friends or to wear someone else's hat.

...Unfortunately, many of these problems parents face on holiday — outside the city, in the country, on vacation. If you are abroad, you need to call the telephone number listed on your medical insurance policy. If you are at home, it makes sense to sign up to the doctor — fortunately, our insurance allows you to receive medical assistance throughout the territory of our country without any restrictions.

But how do you know which specialist you need? How to know how critical the situation is? This will help our portal Healthy.online, where there is not only a unique library of diseases, which can be determined by entering all of the symptoms to a certain algorithm (the system developed by leading специалоистами0медиками our country), but also the opportunity to make an appointment online — as free in a public hospital and a private clinic. In the end, the health of children — the most precious thing we have, and to take risks they should not.

Arina Petrova




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