Twenty first of may, Russia celebrates the day of the melanoma. On this day in specialized clinics, you can check your moles completely free. WomanHit.ru find out who is at risk for melanoma and what suspicious signs you need to pay attention
Melanoma is the most aggressive form of skin cancer. In many cases people die because they went to the doctor too late and did not pay attention to warning signs. You belong to a risk group, if: you have multiple moles; relatives identified melanoma or other skin cancers; new mole; existing moles to change, cause discomfort; there are moles that are constantly injured; there were numerous sunburns (more than three times); you have fair or red hair, light eyes and/or skin; you burn quickly in the sun.
There are several myths which people postpone visit to the doctor.
1. After removal can be worse, so better not to touch the mole. Melanoma can develop due to the removal of the tumor. Moreover, done in a timely manner, the procedure is the only treatment.
2. Moles, papillomas, warts, pigmentary stains can be removed independently. Not only remove, but also to wrap thread, bleach, cauterize tumors, even pharmacy means not.
3. You need to pay attention to the dark moles. There are pigmentless melanoma, which looks like pink or discolored spot, nodule. Brightened or darkened a birthmark is a reason to seek medical attention.
Natalia Gaydash, PhD, a skin oncologist:
Annual preventive examinations are mandatory for all, and fear is not necessary. Melanoma screening is absolutely painless. Even if you do not care, are encouraged to show the mole to a specialist at least once a year. Why is it vital? The fact that malignant neoplasms of the skin can be masked. Types of tumors of the skin of a great variety of moles, pigment spots, vascular education, keratomas and so on. They can be congenital or acquired, is absolutely safe or initially to be a melanoma. Without a specialist to ascertain the nature of growths on the skin impossible. Advise parents to regularly inspect all the skin of the child. And, of course, necessary to exclude the influence of active solar radiation on the skin of the child. To avoid your baby stay in the sun from 10.00 to 17.00, to use a high protection factor. If you have a lot of moles — have been known to be under direct sunlight forbidden to you. Sunbathing is possible only under the tent. We must remember that in direct sunlight you need to spend as little time as possible. Melanoma can occur anywhere on the skin including mucous membranes. Unfortunately, no one is safe from melanoma. But everyone can save his life and the lives of their children, loved ones, if you will carefully monitor moles and regularly show them to a skin oncologist.