WomanHit.ru found out why it is so important to wash hands before eating, and assistance with the first symptoms of the disease
Intestinal infection develops very quickly after the ingestion of pathogens. Using 6 to 48 hours in humans, rapidly deteriorating health, fever, pain in the abdomen, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea.
First and foremost, the patient must give adsorbing the drug that will begin to release the body of toxins. If vomiting occurs, you must restore the water-salt balance. You can use pharmacy drugs for rehydration. Solution regidrona need to drink small SIPS every 10 minutes. Let the patient plenty of liquids: boiled water, stewed fruit or herbal tea.
Experts advise suffering from intestinal infection to refuse food for the first time. If there are no forces to suffer hunger, it is possible to "calm" the stomach liquid cereals — oat, rice, or flax. Patients should be excluded from the diet dairy products, vegetables, fruits, brown bread, beans, meat and fish broths.
For the prevention of intestinal infections need to follow the simple rules: wash hands before eating, in hot weather not to eat desserts with cream, thoroughly wash fruits and vegetables, drink only boiled or bottled water.
And most importantly — fully to cope with the disease will only correctly diagnosed and correct treatment regimen. Ask for help to the doctor.
Natalia Grishina, PhD, gastroenterologist, nutritionist:
— By order of the Ministry of health any abdominal pain (a case of intestinal infection, they will undoubtedly be) is an indication for inspection by the surgeon. Especially in children.
First and foremost, you need to consult a doctor, therapist or pediatrician. If there are clinical manifestations of acute abdomen, suspected serious urgent situation — in other words, a sudden catastrophe (purulent process in the abdominal cavity, peritonitis), immediately require hospitalization and surgeon. Self-medication in this situation is very dangerous. You should not rely on traditional recipes, diet, probiotics, antiseptics and other pharmaceutical tools, if they are not prescribed by a doctor.
Pay attention to the prevention of intestinal infections. Take to the cottage or on vacation sorbents: a smectite, Polisorb, enterosgel, coal. At suspicion on an intestinal infection alone more to take anything not recommended. Fruits, vegetables and berries must be washed very carefully. Berries (except for raspberries and other berries watery) need to be soaked in water for 1 hour and then wash every berry. Greens rinsed under running water and then soaked for an hour in cold water, and then washed again. Use a solution of potassium permanganate, special detergents to wash vegetables and fruits do not have — running water is sufficient.