August is vacation time. However, in pursuit of the coveted tan, do not forget about safety precautions. WomanHit.ru tells about the main ones
Incidentally, before the twentieth century, the word "sun" uttered with a hint of contempt. To be different from women of the lower classes, society ladies tried to keep pale skin, hiding her face under an umbrella on Sunny days. The first fashion bronze body, introduced Coco Chanel in the 30-ies of the last century, making the sun a symbol of health and prosperity.
The solar rays that caress our skin, there really are a lot of advantages. They improve the mood by stimulating synthesis of the "happiness hormones" — serotonin and melatonin. Under the action of the sun the body produces vitamin D, which maintains the optimal balance of calcium and, therefore, protects our teeth, strengthens the skeletal system and boosts immunity.
But sunlight is associated with many problems. Excessive UV exposure destroys collagen and elastin fibers. What is the result? The already unpleasant process of aging accelerates. After all, a certain dose of radiation, and so we get year round. Ultraviolet light penetrates through clouds, as winter sun, though not warm, but shines beautifully. Ways to protect from the insidious rays is extremely simple, all of them are well aware, but somehow every year forget about it safely. Will have to remind!
The right tool
Any sunscreen, no matter how much it costs, how it smells and to apply, works like a screen, reflecting the sun's rays. This happens due to the special filters of either natural or chemical. The first consist of substances, the names of which really "give to chemistry". Various cinnamates, salicylates, silicones... With the task they do best, however, sometimes cause allergies, what can be said about the physical filters. As a rule, the fine particles of titanium oxide or zinc oxide on the skin creating the notorious screen. There is also a separate group of natural filters such as sesame oil, but alas, they rather feed than protect the skin. By the way, about nutrition. Today every self-respecting manufacturer, in addition to sun filters, enriches its products with a whole list of nourishing and moisturizing ingredients, vitamins and antioxidants. For example, new this summer, Garnier Ambre Solaire — sun moisturizing dry facial spray — protection SPF 50 is enriched with active extract of Scutellaria baicalensis, is known for its antioxidant properties. It protects the skin from burns, reduces the risk of premature aging of the skin and provides hydration for 24 hours. Moreover, to apply this remedy, you can even over makeup.
About hydration during summer, the hot sun, you need to always remember. So, after the beach and taking a shower, be sure to apply a nourishing or moisturizing cream. The inhabitants of the tropics are used for this purpose, for example coconut oil. You can either follow their example or to acquire the means with the "right" ingredients. For example, tropical cream Relax Botavikos has a unique vitamin and herbal formula body cream which provides intensive deep nourishment of the skin, the saturation of nutrients and gentle restorative care.
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Coconut oil, consisting of palmitic, Caprylic, oleic, capric, stearic, linolenic, arachidonic, acid Kaprova ensure hydration, nourishment and skin protection. Vitamin F is a mixture of essential fatty acids derived from safflower oil in their natural, biologically active form, ideal for restoring, the power and alignment of the relief. Liquid wax jojoba amino acids, the structure is similar to collagen, gives elasticity and moisturizes. Unique Aksenova and doczeova fatty acid composition of jojoba to smooth and stimulate skin healing.
Solid or liquid
When selecting protective equipment, focus primarily on your skin type. For example, the creams possess a more dense and rich texture. They are suitable for owners of dry skin. Lotions, sprays and gels, typically designed for oily and combination. Various sticks and the lipstick is not a luxury but a necessity. They need to protect sensitive areas of the face, which burn most quickly. For example, in the delicate skin of the lips of the pigment melanin that gives coffee is usually shade not formed at all, so they are vulnerable.
Now the most important thing is to choose the necessary protection index SPF (Sun Protection Factor). By the way, this concept is first introduced in 1956, the German dermatologist Schultz. There are several degrees of protection: low — SPF 2-5, medium — 6-11, high — 12-20 and very high — more than 20. Think how much time you can be in the sun, not to burn? It is considered that on average 20-25 minutes. This time multiplied by the SPF index that is specified on the package. For greater reliability subtract from the result for around thirty minutes. Dermatologists suggest to buy two tools with different degree of protection. In the early days you will be protected with a high factor, and five days later is the figure and lowering. How do you fit the cream, shows the tan. If it is smooth and natural, it was the right choice, can now reduce defense by about five units. But if you're not tanned, feel free to go "on the decline". And don't ignore drugs labeled "after sun". Your skin will thank you as they not only consolidate the color, but also soothe and moisturize perfectly.
Remember that for your child if he travels with you, you need a special sunscreen. For example, sunscreen for face and body 50 SPF from the brand "Pure line" is not only suitable for body and face, but also for children's sensitive and fair skin. Aloe Vera and D-panthenol in the ingredients that help soften the skin, soothe and deeply moisturize it.
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Please note that the abbreviation SPF only refers to protection against UVB rays. They cause the infamous sunburn. But the type of UVA rays have a wavelength that penetrate into the deeper layers of the skin. Though outwardly it is not shown, but very dangerous. Conclusion: buy the drug, which will provide absolute protection and "filter" both types of rays. On the label it is listed as "broad spectrum" ("impeccable").
Everyone knows that sunbathing when the sun is not so active. This is usually the time from 9 to 11 and 16 to 18 hours. And skin is not as harmful and the tan will be more beautiful, and you will not be succumbing from the heat. I do not advise you to go to the beach immediately after a hearty lunch. Enjoy a light salad or chicken breast, wait about an hour and collect a beach bag. Before going out, drink iced tea.
Sunscreen applied on dry and clean skin for 15-20 minutes before sunbathing. Don't do it on the beach. Some filters do not act immediately, but only after half an hour after application. It should be noted that water-resistant formulations. The implication is that they protect you from the sun even when you are luxuriating in the cool waves. On the one hand, it is true, on the other — the cream still washed off with water. So, coming ashore, do not forget to apply it again.